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Summit Brix in Xiamen 2017
The ninth BRICS summit (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), which was held on September 4-5, 2017, ended in Chinese Xiamen. The leaders of the countries of the organization in the final document advocated a more equitable world economic order, called for abstaining from the policy of isolation and condemned unilateral military interventions and sanctions. One of the main issues was the situation on the Korean peninsula. The heads of state and government of the five countries condemned the nuclear test in the DPRK, but noted that the only way to solve the problem is direct dialogue.
 
Summit Brix in Xiamen 2017
 
The BRICS summit in Xiamen was held in an extensive format, with the participation of five states - Egypt, Tajikistan, Mexico, Guinea and Tailanda, at this moment they are not members of the union. In this way, the 9th caution of the BIRKCUS appeared to be the most imminent in history. The current state of the country is part of a wide-ranging structure - so called "utpich" or "Bricks plus". The main themes were a broadening of the patronage and the implementation of a sustainable development program for the period up to 20Z0.

Vladimir Putin, Xi Jinping, Narendra Modi, Michel Temer and Jacob Zuma agreed to develop coordination on improving global economic governance, to work to increase the representation of developing countries in this system. They also called for avoiding trends that adversely affect the prospects for global growth and condemned "unilateral military interventions, economic sanctions and the arbitrary use of unilateral coercive measures in violation of international law and universally recognized norms of international relations." "We emphasize that no country can strengthen its security at the expense of the security of others," the final declaration reads.

"Together we are looking for answers to the most pressing challenges and threats to peace and stability," Vladimir Putin said at the summit and told his colleagues in detail about overcoming the crisis phenomena in the Russian economy. "We are on the recovery of economic growth rates, they are not the same as in India or China, but after the recession we see and fix with satisfaction the growth of our economy by more than 2 percent." We have achieved a record decrease in inflation for Russia: at least now it is 3.5 percent, by the end of the year we expect 3.7-3.8, Putin predicted, and investments in fixed assets are increasing, both internal and external - about 4 percent. "

According to the Russian president, the country recorded an increase in trade turnover. "And, after deduction of the oil and gas sector - this is plus 25 percent for the first half of the year," Putin said. "We live in a record low unemployment rate in the region of 5%, the Central Bank's gold and foreign exchange reserves are growing, industrial production shows a steady growth of 2.6 percent," the head of state said.

One of the key items on the agenda of the summit is the revitalization of the new Development Bank. A number of large investment projects have been prepared. Soon three of them will be launched in Russia. We are talking about the improvement of the judicial system, the construction of a road near Ufa and the modernization of water management facilities in the cities of the Volga basin. "Among the nearest tasks of the Bank is obtaining an international credit rating, which will allow it to issue securities in the market of the five countries." In addition, we need to move quickly to lending in the national currencies of BRICS, "Putin said.

Good work has been taken to develop a pool of conditional foreign exchange reserves. It is necessary to accelerate the agreement on the establishment of the BRICS bond fund and the integration of the capital markets of the five countries. It is also necessary to adapt the strategy of economic partnership and set new ambitious goals. The issue should be the development of barrier-free electronic commerce, support for small and medium-sized businesses, and the effectiveness of public-private partnerships, he said.

"Our states could establish more efficient cooperation in space exploration," Putin believes.-It is possible, for example, to reach an agreement on the establishment of a satellite group for remote sensing of the Earth in order to control climate change, protect the environment and overcome the consequences of natural disasters. " Another Russian leader suggested exploring the possibility of creating a TV channel of the "five".

On the margins of the summit, the Russian president held a series of bilateral meetings and received at least two invitations - to Egypt and South Africa. In a conversation with his Egyptian counterpart, Putin noted the restoration of economic ties: in 2016, growth was 1.6 percent, in the first half of this year it is already 14 percent. "We are actively cooperating in the settlement of regional conflicts, for which I am very grateful to you." Egypt is making its significant contribution to resolving very acute regional crises, "he stressed.

Abdel Fattah al-Sisi immediately went to the point: all the procedures related to the agreement on the construction of the nuclear power plant in Dabaa were over and invited Putin to the signing ceremony. "Regarding regional conflicts, first of all Syria and Libya, we, of course, aspire to play the most positive role in their settlement," he said. "I have in mind the need to combat terror and preserve the unity and territorial integrity of these countries ... We also count on your support in achieving this goal. "

In addition to being invited to Egypt, the Russian president again received a request to visit South Africa. "We have talked recently about the need to transform our good political, humanitarian ties into the economic sphere." Unfortunately, as long as the trend continues to decrease commodity turnover, though the pace has slowed down, "Putin said to the South African leader.

In a conversation with the Prime Minister of India, the Russian president noted a significant increase in turnover in the first half of the year - almost 22 percent. Narendra Modi remembered the visit to the St. Petersburg Economic Forum. "I realized how we can work together to raise the level of our relations," he said.

On the floor of the calendar - a traditional series of two-sided ones. C mekcikanckim ppezidentom Enpike Peney Heto Bladimip Putin obgovopil voppocy cotpudnichectva in enepgetike and gumanitapnoy cfepe, a takzhe coobschil chto to the 127-day co letiyu uctanovleniya diplomaticheckix otnosheny nashi ctpany podoshli c pokazatelem tovapoobopota 2 Ga. Dallapov - vtopym in the Latina Amerika after Brezylia. It concludes the introduction of 4-x projects in the non-petrographic area. 120 years ago, diplomatic relations were established, and with Tailanda, and on the whole of this time, the President of the Republic contributed to them, they were not neglected by negative events. Increases the volume of the work - in the current year - more than it is necessary to rub. Increased number of poccic passages. However, the potential for deepening the cohesion is higher than that. The target is 10 mlpd. the increase in the number of vehicles by 2020. It is noteworthy that the controversy is being pushed back to Taipland. Prime Minister Pran Chan-Ocha appealed to Mr Putin to come to the US on a visit. The results of the audit of BRICK Baladimir

"First of all, that BROKK CELEBRATED ON THE CENTER OF PROMISING POCCIA in its entirety in 2005, when we first gathered for the one table of the representatives of KHP, India with our office. So it was the beginning of the trick, and then the next. This is a very constructive one, without any doubts, a unity that is not in any way compatible with the ideological principles, but in the power of the whole range of competing interests. To the Chinese presenter, we must co-ordinate everything that was done before this, including our co-operative work in Poland, in Ufa, and to continue with new impulses. It was a good time, "said the head of the PF.

The BFICC countries, which by the end of the year give Z1% of the world BBP, could take positions on the current political and economic issues. It works for the business combination, creates a pool of separate currency pairs, and functions a development bank. PF, in this case, it begins to receive financial support for large-scale projects, such as the in-kind cleaning of the Balsa and the development of the sudest system. The certificate in the BICKC has passed to the JAP, the following is the order of the date of the implementation of the contract in the next year in JhOnaanneburge.

The 2017 Summit became a consolidating transition of this bloc to strengthening the institutionalization of the mechanisms of influence to manage the global economy, which is the main reason for its existence.

The phrase "strengthening partnership for a brighter future" says everything. It includes a review of existing achievements and a vision for the future that will begin with the end of the first decade of the organization's existence - at a summit in South Africa in 2018. In 2017 and in subsequent years, partnership will be of great importance, since the multilateral trading system and its accompanying globalization are an anti-globalization populist challenge for the Euro-American West.

Globally, within the framework of the economic partnership, BRICS collectively positions itself as an advanced detachment of advancing the interests of emerging markets and developing countries.

Financing of the New Development Bank (NBB), combined with a pool of conditional foreign exchange reserves, is the pinnacle of economic management within the BRICS and between members of this association, combined with other instruments within the framework of the Interbank Economic Cooperation Mechanism. The creation of the Bond Fund in the national currencies of the BRICS countries will "contribute to ensuring the stability of capital with financing to the BRICS countries and will contribute to the development of domestic and regional bond markets of the BRICS countries, including through increasing the participation of foreign private capital and improving the financial stability of the BRICS countries."

The movement towards interbank credit lines in local currencies and related cooperation in the sphere of credit ratings also falls into this important category of economic management. This is especially important, since every country in the BRICS operates under the conditions of the existing global credit regime, which determines the space for maneuver in each country while managing their national economies in the real conditions of global economic integration.
 
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    Valday - 2017: forum

    VEF-2017: results

    Summit BRICS in China 2017
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    GDP of the world's countries 2017
    List of the IMF in trillion. $.

      1 USA - 19,284
      2 China - 12,263
      3 Japan - 4,513
      4 Germany - 3,591
      5 Great Britain - 2,885
      6 France - 2,537
      7 India - 2,487
      8 Italy - 1,901
      9 Brazil - 1,556
      10 Canada - 1,530
    GDP per capita world countries 2017 (table)

    List of the IMF in $

      1 Luxembourg - 108004.9
      2 Switzerland - 79347.76
      3 Norway - 72046.29
      4 Qatar - 67269.64
      5 Macao - 61365.29
    The state debt of the countries of the world 2017

    Public debt of 2017 countries as a percentage of GDP

      1 Japan - 250,91
      2 Lebanon - 147,62
      3 Italy - 131,71
      4 Eritrea - 127,5
      5 Portugal - 127,33
      6 Cape Verde- 122,25
      7 Bhutan - 122,12
      8 Jamaica - 116,07
      9 USA - 107,48
      10 Barbados - 106,58
    Gold and currency reserves of the countries of the world 2017

    International reserves, billion USD

      1 China - 3080,7
      2 Japan - 1260,0
      3 Switzerland - 773,1
      4 European Union - 745,9
      5 Saudi Arabia - 492,9
      6 Taiwan - 444,4
      7 Russia - 419,9
      8 Hong Kong - 413,3
      9 India - 393,6
      10 Republic of Korea - 383,8

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